Partager sur facebook

Connexion



HISTORY OF TRAVEL Envoyer
Dimanche, 20 Juillet 2014 13:58

HISTORY OF TRAVEL

From Ancient Greece

Regular trips are made and important to some popular attractions like the great sanctuaries of Delphi, Olympia and Eleusis which attracts with its games.
With Roman antiquity develop travel to resort locations (Herculaneum) and pilgrimage (sanctuaries of Greece, Egypt, Asia Minor), resulting in the establishment of various accommodation facilities (inns, lodges ...).

From the average age

Trade (routes to the East, the major trade fairs), religious fervor (pilgrimages to Saint Jacques de Compostela, Mecca ...) cause increased displacement.

Renaissance

The Renaissance period that brings new considerations to the world, promoting a new idea of the trip: the pleasure and discovery. Artists and philosophers visit Italy becomes the most popular countries of the European continent.

In the eighteenth century

In the eighteenth century, traveling multiply initiated partly in the seventeenth century by the young English aristocrats who carry the "Grand Tour."
The Grand Tour, initiatory journey for perfect education and humanities is the origin of the word "tourist". At that time in France, the term "tourist" is used to designate "travelers who travel to foreign countries by curiosity and idleness and says especially English travelers in France, Switzerland and Italy" (Webster 1803 ). It is also at this time that manufacturers of luggage, then called Layetiers-Packers will develop their talent and ingenuity to become real businesses.

UNTIL middle of the 19th century

period precursors, the journey is an adventure: it is long and dangerous. Travel conditions are difficult and we speak of "adventurers" and "explorers". We go on foot, horseback, stagecoach, which requires carry around many luggage and bulky. Long processions of trucks carrying trunks, chests and canteens ...
Then the trip will experience a real boom. The word "tourism" appears in 1841 year when Thomas Cook opens in England a travel agency. The publication of Memoirs of a tourist Stendhal popularized the word.

The industrial revolution and technological advances

enable the evolution and proliferation of means of transport. The time and distance will shrink. The industrialization of the 19th century is going to open new horizons for travelers and facilitate the development of different forms of travel whose character originally "utility" is shrinking in the century to make way for tourism'' approval : health tourism, exploring the mountains, bathing, sports tourism ... many tourist organizations and publishing travel guide will be launched in France.
The first organized trips manage the passenger, the management of baggage, accommodation and meals.

THE XX

with the law of the first paid holidays in 1936 and during the postwar boom, tourism will grow to be a "mass tourism".
Whether expeditions, trips, cruises, tours, pilgrimages, peregrinations, walking, walks, hikes, rides, tours, trips ... for each trip, the luggage will fit. It will evolve to serve a dual function: to facilitate users' lives and protect their effects.
Train, plane , car   = New luggage

NEW TRANSPORT MODE = NEW LUGGAGE

The train, trunks and suitcases

The invention of the train remains one of the great technological advances of the nineteenth century. It allows you to go faster, farther in more comfortable conditions.
This new mode of travel will induce new types of lighter and more practical luggage.
To satisfy a very demanding clientele silver, which keeps the need to surround himself with all his necessary and superfluous,
manufacturers will invent luggage lighter and more convenient but also many accessories.
Trains bring travelers along the beaches, others to the East Asia and exotic ...
And among these legendary trains, the most emblematic is the Orient Express, a symbol of great voyages, with its luxury and mystery ...
but this is addressed only certain privileged.
It was not until the 30s, but mostly 50s that the journey leading to democratize the evolution of luggage.
Heavy suitcase or trunk qu'emmènent holders on their cart to compartment will leave room for bags of all kinds
(leather, cardboard, cloth, plastic ...) whose manufacture, is an industry, will significantly reduce the price and weight:
now, luggage, moving it yourself ...
Travel times are however still long .. and a Strasbourg-Paris lasts 11 hours in 1900 against 2.15 nowadays.

The steamer ,  trunk cabin and the Wardrobe

With the liner that takes the tourist, migrating to distant continents, time travel becomes a particular time. For several days,
life on the boat will be that of a micro-society with its rules, occupations and comfort standards. This new way of traveling
brings new luggage, as the famous cabin trunks, with standard dimensions, which prevail in number to
able to have everything needed for a worldly life.
Of course, nothing in common between the first-class passenger, set in a comfortable luxury and emigrant passenger third class
housed near the machines, which will often have a suitcase or luggage for any bundle, but both leave for new adventures
to a new world.
Symbol of this great adventure at sea, the saga began with the first transatlantic passenger at the dawn of the 1800s.
In the guide passage of the Cunard line, have discovered and first class passengers can travel in the hold all day
to seek effects remain in his trunks, second class passenger is entitled to access in one week, while the 3rd class passenger is not entitled to anything.
a Paris New York around 1912, take 10 days.

The car (car trunk, trunk 48 h)

In the early 20th century after the heyday of rail tourism the birth of the automobile will transform the art of travel.
More democratic, with the industrial production of cars, but also more individual, more mobile and more adventurous, the
e turns and travel with her ​​luggage. The car is the freedom to discover, and even go back, or where you want
When we want, near or even far ...
The car is also the discovery of regions less accessible or more difficult as the mountains, the desert or savannah.
Then will appear a multitude of luggage lighter, more practical, more resistant to adapting travel options for tourists.
We will spend bespoke luggage suited to trunk metal canteens to carry all the equipment
will be needed for a holiday. Manufacturers compete technical imagination to reduce weight and space
busy and meet all the new changes that will accompany the tourist.

The plane, hand luggage

From the early 20th century appears a new means of transport: plane. During these first years of existence, it is reserved
adventurers suicidal because it is an unreliable means of travel. But very soon it will become the preferred means of transport.
This technological revolution will have on the trip a significant impact, as it will put the world to everyone. It took accompany
this evolution with new more solid luggage, even lighter, even more convenient, the lack of forced pressure.
New materials will be used such as aluminum and synthetic materials, the traveler can take with him a limited weight of luggage.
This period begins mainly in the 50s saw the demise of many companies malletier
 

Pour laisser un commentaire vous devez vous inscrire et être connecté.

Qui est en ligne ?

Nous avons 130 invités en ligne

Recherche