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History of travels
Regular and important trips are made to some popular attractions like the great sanctuaries of Delphi, Olympia and Eleusis, very attractive with its games. With Roman antiquity, travel to resort locations develop (Herculanum) and pilgrimage (sanctuaries of Greece, Egypt, Asia Minor), resulting in the establishment of various accommodation facilities (inns, lodges ...).
In the Middle Ages, trade (routes to the East, the major trade fairs) and religious fervour (pilgrimages to Saint Jacques de Compostela, Mecca ...) provoke increased trips.
The Renaissance, that brings new views about the world, also promotes a new notion of travelling : leisure and discovery trips. Artists and philosophers visit Italy, that becomes the most popular country of the European continent.
The eighteenth century
During the eighteenth century, travels multiply. This new habit has been partly initiated during the seventeenth century by the young English aristocrats who carry the "Grand Tour." (Great Tour) The Grand Tour is an initiatory journey meant to perfect education and humanities. It is the origin of the word "tourist".
At that time in France, the term "tourist" is used to designate "travelers who travel to foreign countries by curiosity and idleness, and especially english travelers in France, Switzerland and Italy" (Webster 1803 ). It is also at this time that manufacturers of luggage, then called Layetiers-Packers develop their talent and ingenuity to become real businesses.
Until the middle of the 19th century
At the time of the pioneers, travelling is an adventure: it is long and dangerous. Travel conditions are difficult and the travellers are "adventurers" or "explorers". They go by foot, on horseback, by stagecoach, which requires carrying around many bulky uggage. Long processions of trucks used to carry trunks, chests and canteens...
Then the trip experiences a real boom. The word "tourism" appears in 1841, the very year that Thomas Cook opens in England a travel agency. The publication of Memoirs of a tourist by Stendhal popularized the word.
The industrial revolution and technological advances
enable the evolution and proliferation of means of transport. The time and distance will shrink. The industrialization of the 19th century is going to open new horizons for travelers and facilitate the development of different forms of travel whose character originally "utility" is shrinking in the century to make way for tourism'' approval : health tourism, exploring the mountains, bathing, sports tourism ... many tourist organizations and publishing travel guide will be launched in France.
The first organized trips manage the passenger, the management of baggage, accommodation and meals.
The XXth century
With the first paid holidays in 1936 in France, and during the postwar boom, tourism will grow to be a "mass tourism". Whether expeditions, trips, cruises, tours, pilgrimages, peregrinations, walking, walks, hikes, rides, tours, trips... for each trip, the lluggage will fit. It will evolve to serve a double function : making users' lives easier and protecting their belongings.